Glaucoma is the name for a group of eye disease that damage the optic nerve 1. They can lead to loss of peripheral vision, blind spots, and blindness 1. People with glaucoma have a field of vision that resembles looking through a narrow tube, or having tunnel vision 2

As of 2023, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 7.7 million people worldwide have glaucoma 3. People with diabetes have twice the risk of getting glaucoma than people without diabetes 4.

Simulations of Glaucoma

Copyright © National Eye Institute (NEI)
Two boys in front of a stand of trees. The edges of the images are extremely dark, so only one boy's face and a portion of the other's can be made out.
Copyright © National Eye Institute (NEI)

Design Considerations

The design considerations for low vision and the design considerations for blindness apply to people with glaucoma.

Additional resources

  1. Glaucoma by the National Eye Institute[][]
  2. Accessibility Fundamentals – Disabilities, Guidelines, and Laws at Deque University[]
  3. Blindness and Vision Impairment by the World Health Organization, dated 10 August 2023[]
  4. Diabetic Retinopathy by the National Eye Institute[]